How to Measure a Saddle Gullet: A Comprehensive Guide

How to Measure a Saddle Gullet

Finding the perfect fit for both rider and horse is crucial when it comes to saddles, and the gullet plays a significant role in this equation. The gullet is the channel that runs down the middle of the saddle, providing clearance for the horse’s spine. Measuring the gullet accurately is essential for ensuring comfort, performance, and the long-term health of your horse. In this article, we’ll delve into the specifics of how to measure a saddle gullet, offering a step-by-step guide to help you find the ideal fit.

1. Introduction: Why Measuring the Saddle Gullet is Crucial

A correctly fitted saddle is more than just a comfort consideration; it’s crucial for the health and performance of your horse. The gullet, which is the channel between the saddle panels, must be wide enough to avoid putting pressure on the horse’s spine but not so wide that the saddle becomes unstable. Incorrect gullet size can lead to a range of issues such as sore backs, reduced mobility, and even long-term musculoskeletal problems for your horse. Hence, understanding how to measure a saddle gullet accurately is an indispensable skill for horse owners and riders.

The Connection Between Gullet Size and Horse Health

An incorrectly sized gullet can cause pressure points on the horse’s back, leading to discomfort, pain, or even injury over time. It can also affect your horse’s performance and willingness to work.

Financial Benefits

A poorly fitted saddle may require frequent replacement or adjustments, leading to higher costs over time. In contrast, a correctly sized gullet can make your saddle last longer and save you money.

2. Anatomy of a Saddle: Understanding the Role of the Gullet

To accurately measure a saddle gullet, it helps to understand the anatomy of a saddle and how each part interacts with the horse’s body.

Basic Saddle Components

The saddle consists of several parts, including the seat, cantle, pommel, flaps, and, of course, the gullet. Each of these plays a unique role in achieving a good fit and comfort for both horse and rider.

Gullet Functionality

The gullet serves as a channel that offers clearance for the horse’s spine, allowing for freedom of movement and better weight distribution. It’s positioned between the panels of the saddle, which lie on either side of the horse’s back.

Interaction with Other Saddle Parts

The width of the gullet affects the fit of other saddle components, like the pommel and cantle. For example, a too-narrow gullet could make the pommel dig into the horse’s withers, while a too-wide gullet may cause the saddle to rock.

Saddle gullet measurement

3. Tools You’ll Need: A Checklist for Accurate Measurement

Measuring a saddle gullet is a relatively straightforward task, but having the right tools can make the process more accurate and easier.

Measuring Tape or Ruler

A flexible measuring tape is ideal for this task as it can easily conform to the shape of the gullet. Some people also use specialized gullet measuring tools designed specifically for saddles.

Marking Chalk or Tape

To mark points of measurement, you can use chalk or easily removable tape. This helps in getting consistent measurements, especially if you need to recheck.

A Helper

While it’s possible to measure the gullet by yourself, having a helper can make the process easier and more accurate, especially if your horse is restless.

By understanding the importance, anatomy, and tools needed for gullet measurement, you are well-prepared to tackle this essential task.

4. Preparing Your Horse: Ensuring a Relaxed and Natural Stance

Before you proceed with measuring the gullet, it’s essential to ensure that your horse is in the proper state and position for an accurate measurement.

Natural Stance:

Your horse should be standing on level ground with a natural stance. This means all four hooves should be flat on the ground, and the horse should be relaxed. A stressed or anxious horse may tense its muscles, leading to inaccurate measurements.


Make sure that the horse’s back is clean and free of sweat or dirt. Any debris can alter the fit of the saddle and, by extension, the gullet measurement.

Saddling Up:

Before you measure, set the saddle on your horse’s back without cinching it too tight. This helps to see how the saddle naturally rests and gives you a more realistic idea of how the gullet fits.

5. The Measurement Process: A Step-By-Step Guide

Measuring the gullet might seem intimidating, but with a systematic approach, it can be relatively simple.

Initial Placement:

Place the saddle on the horse’s back, ensuring it’s in the correct position. The pommel should not be pressing against the withers, and the saddle should be balanced.

Mark the Points:

Use chalk or tape to mark the edges of the gullet on the saddle while it’s on the horse. This gives you clear endpoints for your measurement.


Take your flexible measuring tape and measure the distance between the marked points. Make sure the tape is taut but not digging into the saddle material.


It’s always a good idea to measure twice to confirm your numbers. Small variations can make a big difference in the fit and comfort of the saddle.

Gullet measurement tools

6. Types of Gullet Widths: What the Measurements Mean

Once you’ve successfully measured the gullet, understanding what those numbers mean is the next crucial step.

Standard Width Categories:

Gullets generally fall into categories such as narrow, medium, and wide. Some saddles offer even more variations like medium-wide, extra-wide, etc.

Relation to Horse’s Build:

The width of the gullet should correspond to the width of your horse’s withers and back. For instance, a narrow-backed horse will typically require a narrower gullet, while a broader-backed horse will need a wider one.

Adjustments and Customization:

Some modern saddles come with adjustable gullets that can be changed to better fit your horse. Knowing your measurements can guide you in selecting or adjusting to the appropriate gullet size.

By preparing your horse properly, following a structured measurement process, and understanding what your gullet measurement indicates, you’re well on your way to ensuring a comfortable and healthy ride for both you and your horse.

7. Common Mistakes to Avoid: Pitfalls in Gullet Measurement

Measuring a saddle gullet might seem straightforward, but several common mistakes can easily throw off your measurements and result in an ill-fitting saddle.

Ignoring the Horse’s Comfort:

One mistake is to focus solely on the fit of the saddle to the rider, neglecting how the horse feels. If the horse shows signs of discomfort, such as pinning its ears or shifting its weight, take it as a signal to double-check the gullet fit.

Using the Wrong Tools:

Another pitfall is using rigid or inappropriate tools for measurement. A stiff ruler can’t adapt to the saddle’s curvature, leading to inaccuracies. Always opt for a flexible measuring tape or a specialized gullet gauge.

Overlooking Seasonal Changes:

Horses can gain or lose weight due to seasonal changes, affecting their saddle fit. Failing to consider this factor could result in an ill-fitting saddle at different times of the year.

8. How to Adjust or Change the Gullet: Practical Tips

Once you’ve identified the right gullet size, you may need to make adjustments to your saddle or even change the gullet if it’s an adjustable model.

Unscrewing the Gullet Plate:

If you have an adjustable saddle, the first step is to unscrew the existing gullet plate carefully. Make sure to keep track of all screws and parts.

Inserting the New Gullet:

Slide the new gullet into place and align it correctly before screwing it back in. Make sure it is securely attached to avoid any risks while riding.

Testing the Fit:

Before you go for a full ride, it’s essential to test the saddle’s fit. Place it on your horse’s back and observe any changes in its behavior or stance, adjusting further if needed.

9. The Importance of Periodic Re-measurement

Even after you’ve successfully measured and perhaps adjusted the gullet, the job isn’t over. Regular check-ups are essential for maintaining the perfect fit.

Changes in Horse’s Condition:

A horse’s physical condition can change due to various factors like age, health, and level of exercise. These changes can affect the saddle fit, making periodic re-measurements crucial.

Signs of Wear and Tear:

Saddles, like any other equipment, are subject to wear and tear. Over time, this can subtly alter the saddle’s fit, including the gullet width, requiring adjustments.

Keeping Records:

It’s a good practice to keep a record of your measurements and any adjustments made. This information can be invaluable for future reference or if you decide to buy a new saddle.

By avoiding common mistakes, knowing how to adjust or change the gullet, and understanding the need for periodic re-measurements, you’re setting yourself and your horse up for a more comfortable and healthier riding experience.

10. Conclusion: Achieving a Perfect Fit for Happy Riding

The process of measuring and adjusting a saddle gullet may appear complex initially, but it’s a crucial aspect of responsible horse ownership and riding. An accurate gullet measurement not only ensures comfort but also impacts the overall health and performance of your horse.

The Link to Long-Term Horse Health:

It cannot be overstated how an incorrect saddle fit can lead to long-term damage to a horse’s back and, subsequently, its overall health. Knowing how to measure a gullet accurately can prevent issues like sores, pressure points, and even spinal problems.

Interconnectedness of Saddle Components:

The gullet isn’t an isolated component but one part of a holistic system that includes the saddle flaps, pommel, cantle, and more. A well-measured gullet contributes to the better functioning and fitting of the saddle as a whole.

The Joy of Riding:

When your horse is comfortable and free from the distraction of an ill-fitting saddle, your riding experience is elevated. Both you and your horse can perform better, whether you’re trail riding, jumping, or participating in dressage.

Continual Learning:

The field of saddle fitting and horse anatomy is continuously evolving, with new research offering fresh insights. Keeping yourself updated and possibly even consulting with equine health professionals can lead to even better-fitting solutions over time.

In summary, understanding how to measure a saddle gullet is not just a one-off task but an ongoing commitment to the well-being of your horse. By taking the time to get it right, you’re paving the way for many happy hours in the saddle, a healthier horse, and ultimately, a more enjoyable riding experience for both.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a saddle gullet and why is it important?

The saddle gullet is the channel that runs down the middle of the saddle, providing clearance for the horse’s spine. It’s crucial for ensuring comfort and preventing long-term health issues in horses.

What tools do I need to measure a saddle gullet?

A flexible measuring tape or specialized gullet measuring tool is usually sufficient. Marking chalk or tape can also be helpful for pinpointing areas to measure.

Can I adjust the saddle gullet myself?

Yes, many modern saddles come with adjustable gullets. You’ll typically need to unscrew the existing gullet plate and replace it with one that fits better.

What are common mistakes to avoid when measuring a saddle gullet?

Common mistakes include not preparing the horse properly, using incorrect or rigid tools, and neglecting to consider seasonal changes in the horse’s condition.

How often should I measure the saddle gullet?

The frequency of measurement can depend on various factors like the horse’s age, health, and level of activity. However, it’s good practice to check at least twice a year or whenever you notice changes in your horse’s condition.

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